WHY DO WE EAT?

Human beings eat a lot of food. A typical human eats over a thousand pounds of food every year.

Why do we eat so much? There are two big reasons: building blocks and fuel.

Your body uses the building blocks in two different ways. When you are growing, you are adding new building blocks to your body. Your body is also repairing itself – taking out old blocks and replacing them with new ones.

The building blocks of your body are protein, and that’s why you are supposed to eat plenty of it. If you don’t eat enough protein, it is hard to grow.


The other thing your body needs is fuel. Just like a car needs gasoline, your body needs fuel so that your muscles can move and your brain can think.

Have you ever roasted marshmallows and had one catch on fire? Marshmallows burn because they contain a lot of energy, in the form of sugar. We measure the fuel coming into your body in terms of calories.

The funny thing is that in today’s society, Calories are everywhere. Pick up any snack food and you are looking at lots of calories.

For example, a single peanut M&M contains 12 calories. A big snack-size bag of M&Ms has 500 calories in it. Most kids need less than 1,500 calories per day – one bag of M&Ms is one- third of all the calories you need.

This cornucopia of calories is why obesity has become a problem in America. Unless a person is careful, it is really easy to take in too much fuel. Our bodies store all the excess fuel as fat.

It’s something to think about the next time you grab a snack!

http://express.howstuffworks.com/mb-eat.htm

Techno talk on menu as PE hosts bloggers‘ dinner

IT MAY have been a relatively small first “27 dinner” for Port Elizabeth last weekend, but it is set to grow as word spreads about this enlightening “techno talk” aimed at bloggers.

The dinners take place on the 27th of each month, for marketers, entrepreneurs, writers, media practitioners, speakers and anyone computer-minded to share ideas, news and opinions over a meal.

Alternating monthly between Johannesburg, Cape Town, Pretoria, Durban and – since last weekend – Port Elizabeth, the events are open to anyone who wants to attend or contribute technological expertise.

An intimate group of 20 “27 diners” arrived at the Algoa Bay Yacht Club at the Port Elizabeth harbour for their first dose of “techno chat”.

The first speaker was Greig Timkoe, a Bay conflict management specialist, whose talk centred around the dangers of e-mail.

Warning that e-mail could be a source of conflict in the workplace, Timkoe stressed that face-to-face communication was still invaluable, despite the improved, faster processes of the digital age.

Mark Bloomfield, an Adobe communications expert from the Bay, introduced the new Adobe Air, although this could have proved a little high-tech for technophobes.

Main speaker Ramon Thomas‘s talk on how to “blog your way to being an expert” had the audience captivated. A professional speaker, researcher, trainer, blogger and on-line behaviour specialist, Thomas, from Uitenhage, gave advice on how to position yourself as an expert in your chosen field.

Using his catch phrase, the “psychology of technology”, Thomas explained how positioning yourself via the internet could increase traffic to your blog and therefore improve your chances of picking up business – or credibility for being an expert in your field.

Using his own experience as an example, Thomas explained how he had been earmarked as an “online expert” by media who saw his blog on the internet. As a result, he has been quoted in popular magazines, been a guest speaker on SABC TV show Three Talk and interviewed by a host of other media.

He advised potential experts to choose a niche topic to blog about, interview experts in the related field, participate in online discussions and to write articles when blogging. “It‘s important to blog your own original content and not just link to others‘ pages,” he said.

Business cards were exchanged after the formal presentations and chatting of the interpersonal kind quickly got under way.

Newly blogging Uitenhage resident Yusuf Moses said the talks had helped him with his blogging aspirations. “I like that you can blog about whatever you want to but I didn‘t know where to start.”

Port Elizabeth‘s Greg Smith said the dinner allowed for the gap of faceless communication to be closed. “If you chat with people online, it‘s very different from sitting down and exchanging ideas over drinks. This was a great idea.”

The next “27 dinner” is expected to be held in Port Elizabeth in two months‘ time and the organisers hope even the computer ignorant can be converted one “byte” at a time.

For more information about 27 dinners log onto http://27dinner.pbwiki.com.

source weekend Post

Full programme for Regional soccer sides

THE Safa Nelson Mandela Bay Regional SAB soccer league resumes this weekend with a double-header for all the teams except Highland Spurs and Young Romans.

Spurs, who went into the recess at the top of the log, play Uitenhage Stars in a derby at the Jabavu Stadium tomorrow.

The full programme is:

Tomorrow: Real Aces v White City (NU 9 Stadium), Royal Bucks v PE United (NU11 Stadium), St George‘s v Morning Stars (Olympics), Uitenhage Stars v Highland Spurs (Jabavu Stadium), United Comrades v Real City (Isaac Wolfson Stadium), Aspen v Young Pirates (Chevrolet Stadium), Real Madrid v Young Professionals (Walmer Community Field), Tomorrow Stars v Young Chiefs (NU9 Stadium).

Sunday: Morning Stars v Uitenhage Stars (Zwide Stadium), PE United v St George‘s (Chevrolet Stadium), Real Aces v Royal Bucks (NU9 Stadium), Young Professionals v Tomorrow Stars (Isaac Wolfson Stadium), Young Pirates v Real Madrid (NU2 Stadium), Real City v Aspen (NU9 Stadium), Young Romans v United Comrades (Zwide Stadium), White City v Young Chiefs (New Brighton Oval).

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RED City should pull away from the chasing pack in the New Brighton Premier League this weekend.

With a two-point lead and a match in hand, they play City Lads, who are struggling in ninth place, tomorrow.

Roaring Tigers, held to a surprise draw by lowly PE Sundowns, play Black Stars tomorrow and CCX Callies on Sunday.

The fixtures are:

Premier League Tomorrow: Eastern Jumpers v Boast Pirates, AmaKhosi v PE Sundowns, Bush Bucks v Real White City, Dodgers v PE Rovers, CCX Callies v Winter Rose, Roaring Tigers v Black Stars, City Lads v Red City, Pondo Stars v Kubs.

Sunday: Roaring Tigers v CCX Callies, Bush Bucks v PE Rovers, Dodgers v Real White City, Pondo Stars v PE Sundowns, AmaKhosi v Kubs, Winter Rose v Black Stars.

First Division Tomorrow: Amakhosi v City Strikers, Hubs v Kubs.

Sunday: PE United v Stinging Bees, Friendly City v Atlantic Chiefs, City Young Stars v City Defenders.

qq

THE soccer fraternity in the metro has been saddened by the sudden death on Tuesday of one of the leading Northern Areas administrators, Gerald Korkie, 57.

Korkie captained Swallows in his playing days and then turned to administration. He was the chairman of the club when he died.

NMB soccer secretary Phakamile Daca said: “Gerald will never be forgotten for his tireless efforts, commitment and dedication to build the careers and future of players in the Northern Areas.”

He is survived by his wife Charmaine, three children and two grandchildren. The funeral will take place at the Audrey Renecke church in West End at 11am tomorrow.

source The Herald

Top matriculants share their secrets to success

THEY cut down on TV, socialising and sport and spent long hours poring over their books, but the sacrifices were worth it for a bunch of Eastern Cape matrics who were named the boffins of the Class of 2008.

The province‘s bright sparks were happy to share their success secrets with Weekend Post, saying this year‘s new batch of matrics should start studying from day one in Grade 12 if they wanted to excel.

“I worked every day in class so I didn‘t have to study so hard when it came to exams and I only watched my favourite programme every week,” said top Grahamstown pupil Megan Yendall, 18, of Victoria Girls‘ High.

Top Graaff-Reinet matriculant Yvonne Scott, 18, of Union High agreed.

“Take it seriously from the beginning. And if you work really hard you can take the finals more calmly.”

Thembalethu Sikwana, 18, of Lungisa Senior Secondary School in KwaDwesi, who was named the top achiever among historically disadvantaged individuals (HDI) in the PE district, said cutting down on watching his favourite cartoons, jogging to de-stress and studying in groups led to his success.

Thembalethu, who wants to study medicine, scored 93 per cent for maths and 94% for life sciences.

Planning and sticking to a timetable were the secret of Emile Naude‘s success.

Emile, of Nico Malan High School, who was the Uitenhage district‘s top boffin, and who will be studying chemical engineering at Stellenbosch University this year, said he planned precisely what he needed to study for each subject.

“It is vital to study hard for the June and September exams. You can‘t start at the end of the year,” said Emile, who pulled off 94% for maths.

Making summaries and teaching his peers was central to the success of East London‘s top Grade 12 pupil, Pratik Pokharel, 17.

Pratik, of Selborne College, said he made “compressed notes” two weeks before exams began and then went over them a day or two before the finals.

“I gave up soccer, movies and going out during the exams,” said Pratik, who will be studying business or actuarial science at UCT this year.

For Melody van Rooyen, of Hoerskool Nico Malan, coming second in the Eastern Cape with six straight A‘s meant studying until 4am on some nights and giving up her hobbies.

“It was all worth it,” said Melody, who will study mechanical engineering at UCT this year.

Avuyile Kopolo, of St James Senior Secondary School in Cofimvaba, said her achievement of becoming the first pupil from a historically disadvantaged background to come third in the province with straight A‘s, was due to “preparing a long time before the exams and being determined and focused on my books”.

Weekend Post Matric of the Year 2008 winner Gerrit Maritz of Daniel Pienaar Technical High School said he was “pleased” with his seven distinctions out of eight subjects.

Daniel, who is enrolled for a degree in electrical engineering at Stellenbosch University this year, advised this year‘s new batch of Grade 12s to “study consistently from the moment the first bell goes with your finals in mind”.

source :Weekend Post

Taxi Striks before 2010

MAYHEM erupted as hundreds of striking taxi drivers ran amok early yesterday, hurling stones at offices and passing cars, attacking municipal workers, setting a vehicle alight, blocking rush- hour traffic and crippling businesses in Nelson Mandela Bay.

Amid widespread condemnation over the wave of violence, urgent talks between city officials and taxi representatives collapsed late last night with defiant drivers vowing the wildcat strike would continue today, leaving thousands of commuters stranded.

Police, who yesterday drafted in reinforcements including the crack flying squad and rapid response unit members, will be on “high alert”. Police Captain Rassie Erasmus declared: “We will not let taxi drivers hold the city to ransom”.

The drama unfolded yesterday when more than 300 taxi drivers opposed to the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system being implemented for the 2010 World Cup blocked major roads including the N2 freeway near Bluewater Bay and the Uitenhage road near Vista University.

Police arrested six people for public violence and confiscated “a number of taxis blocking the roads”. Motorists were left fuming in long traffic jams while many commuters were unable to get to work.

Traffic police and SAPS vehicles were stoned while a municipal vehicle was set alight outside Brister House in Govan Mbeki Avenue.

Police spokesman Captain Johann Rheeder said about 30 men ran up to a municipal car and smashed the windows. “They poured petrol on the car and set it alight.”

Yesterday‘s havoc follows an orgy of violence and looting, which raged in several parts of the city last November, leaving one person dead and others injured.

Police in Nyalas were deployed to quell the protests and officers were forced to fire rubber bullets to disperse crowds.

Nelson Mandela Bay municipal spokesman Kupido Baron said last night: “These violent actions do not belong in a peace-loving society.”

He added that workers at a BRT construction site in Govan Mbeki Avenue were attacked and offices stoned.

However a defiant metro public transport forum spokesman Melekile Hani told The Herald last night: “We are pledging our solidarity to our comrades. We are not going back to work! Until the municipality agrees to suspend work at BRT sites, and we secure the release of our arrested comrades, the strike continues. We apologise to commuters, but they must understand we are at war!”

Meanwhile, Port Elizabeth Regional Chamber of Commerce and Industry chief executive Odwa Mtati said the strike had “succeeded in causing maximum disruption” to businesses. “The shock of it was that no warnings were issued, so it‘s been very disruptive, especially since large parts of the industry only re-opened on Monday.”

The motor industry, particularly General Motors SA, was hit hard. GMSA spokesman Denise van Huyssteen said: “We are disappointed by the surprise strike, which has impacted on our ability to assemble vehicles.

“We only resumed full operations yesterday following a four-week break. Such actions send negative signals about doing business in this country, particularly at a time when we should be promoting political and economic stability.”

Eveready “definitely felt the impact of the strike”, spokesman Curt Bosman said. “Our workers on the afternoon shift have to leave earlier because they won‘t find taxis later, so we‘ll have to stop production. We might not even have nightshift.”

The DA also condemned the violence and chaos. Eastern Cape transport spokesman Pine Pienaar said: “The situation is just not acceptable”.

Kupido said the strike was especially disappointing “since this disruptive behaviour followed after an important meeting on Tuesday between the mayor and the industry.

“A task team consisting of representatives of the taxi industry and the municipality was established with the sole mandate to prepare for a transport indaba which will address the concerns of role-players in the industry.

“Despite this progressive step, some members of the taxi industry still went ahead with strike action and as a result inconvenienced many commuters who unfortunately rely solely on public transport.”

source : The herald

Smart readers budget to beat the money bite

WHILE it‘s a symbolic fresh start for some, January is traditionally also a time when the financial hangover is at its worst for many.

Rhodes University psychology Professor David Edwards says more often than not, people find themselves in financial difficulty at this time of the year.

January‘s money woes are compounded by the typical over-indulgences of the Christmas period – many families have gone into debt by forking out for gifts, going on holiday and entertaining.

To make matters worse, January brings the reality of having to pay school and university fees and buy stationery and uniforms.

Last year‘s credit crunch is lingering while some families – such as those employed in the beleagured motor industry – have been forced to spend more time on holiday with less pay.

A snap survey by Weekend Post revealed many Eastern and Southern Cape residents were feeling the pressure – but the current economic climate had also forced them to be more budget-savvy.

Government employee Belinda Buck, from Bethelsdorp in Port Elizabeth, said January was “a stressful month for me. We got our December salaries at the end of November already (and) before it was even Christmas, you noticed that your pockets were empty”.

But she had been disciplined enough to set aside money for school expenses for her child.

Melany Bellingam, a Uitenhage sales consultant, said her family always overspent over the festive season. She was worried about money “because I have to buy school- clothes for my daughter and son”.

“The first two quarters of the year are definitely going to be tough. However, I did my level best to pay off my debts (at the end of last year). I‘m starting the year with a clean slate.”

Unemployed Harish Chavda, from Uitenhage, said because of festive- season expenses he‘d have to “take out a loan to pay my son‘s college fees”.

Single mom Patricia Roos, of East London, said her “biggest financial outlay” this month was high water and electricity bills. However, Roos, said: “I don‘t mind paying for school fees and stationery because education is the future for our kids.”

Back in Port Elizabeth, self-employed Themba Mosi, of Central, said past experience had made him “cautious” of how he spent his money. “I started 2008 on shaky ground because I didn‘t budget very well. That taught me a lesson … you‘re skating on thin ice if you don‘t budget.”

Mosi said he‘d already bought uniforms and other school necessities for his two daughters, adding: “I decided to do everything in advance for this year. I didn‘t go anywhere during the festive season … I stayed in PE and saved money”.

Angie Hewu, a stock controller from Zwide, Port Elizabeth, said: “I always plan ahead for January because I know things get hectic with finances.”

Forest Hill security officer Qondiswa Kalipa said she‘d countered festive-season overspending by buying her children‘s school clothes, stationery and other necessities early in December when they were more affordable.

Felicia Young, who moved to Knysna eight months ago from Humansdorp, said: “With the high food prices it really is a headache. We have a baby and a 12-year-old daughter. It is better with the petrol prices (coming down), but food is still so expensive.”

Peggy Dlephu, an artist living in Knysna, said January was a battle.

“I don‘t have children but I‘m responsible for a child whose father died. I pay for everything because the mother can‘t afford it.”
source Weekend Post

Cricketer Monde Zondeki

THE first day of school is a day some of us never forget. Remember when you were dropped off on your first day at school and you cried so hard and would not let go of mommy’s hand?

trufm presenter DJ Pastor (Phiwe Nozewu) remembers his experience, over 20 years ago, like it was yesterday. Pastor speaks about his first two days at school at Dower Primary School in Uitenhage.

“On my first day I cried, so I went straight back home with my mom. I went back the next day and I guess the idea had sunk in, because by the break I had forgotten about going home,” he said.

Uviwe Tuswe, of Khanyisa High School, was one of the province’s top achievers for 2008. He said initially he did not understand the purpose of going to school but just wanted to go out and play.

“I was with my cousin, so I felt safe. We were both going to Grade 1 and (the) excitement we felt that day … It was unbelievable,” said Tuswe.

Cricketer Monde Zondeki said that he was nervous about his first day at Dale College. “I was always at a boys’ school but was worried about being bullied. The fact that I was with all my primary school friends helped and made the whole experience less daunting,” said Zondeki.

Boxing trainer and businessman Mzi Mnguni shared his experiences at Khwezana Lower Primary School in Alice. His first challenge was to prove that he was old enough to be there by putting his arm over his head to touch his ear.

If his hand could touch his ear, then all was well.

“I wanted to go to school because everyone who went to school got new clothes. I was relieved about not having to go to the fields to look after my family’s cattle. Upon our arrival (with a group of friends), was the shocking realisation that we would be separated. When I saw other kids crying I knew that this place wasn’t what I thought it would be,” said Mnguni.

Buffalo City mayor Sakhumzi Caga spoke about his first day at Chuma Lower Primary School in Mdantsane. “I was scared and confused. I had not even been to pre-school and my mom just left me there. At break time I had no problem playing with the other kids but during class time I wanted to go home. Even though the teacher tried to make sure that we enjoyed ourselves, I felt confined,” said Caga.

source Daily Dispatch

My Dedication

I dedicate this piece of work to all who love and appreciate poetry for those who dare to differ and are proud of, where they come from and what they became for those who are not afraid of change……..

From: A dreamer
To: A little angel

Title: Even if. (I had a chance to change a single word….. I wouldn’t)

Author: Yusuf Moses. But best known as a Dreamer

Ex-Bay woman blooms in Cope limelight

FOR a woman thrust into the political spotlight as the third in charge of newly formed Congress of the People (Cope) three weeks ago, Lynda Odendaal, who hails from Nelson Mandela Bay, shows no sign of slowing down anytime soon.

Standing little over 1,5m tall the diminutive Odendaal, 44, has already shown her size has nothing to do with her political stamina, working almost non- stop during the most crucial time for party campaigners – the build-up to this year‘s elections in May.

“The first week was a bit of a challenge in terms of media coverage,” admitted Odendaal, who now lives in Johannesburg. She was speaking to Weekend Post in between busy meetings on Thursday.

“The (frantic way of life) is natural now, except for the media attention. But it‘s important we communicate with our members and potential members and I want to maintain that.”

Having grown up in Uitenhage where she attended Riebeek College, Odendaal later went on to study at commercial college Beckleys in Port Elizabeth. Then she wasted no time in getting into business.

“I‘ve been in commerce for the last 20 years,” she said.

She left her position as chief executive of Network Support Services, an information and communication technology company, to focus on her burgeoning political career.

An enterprising business woman, Odendaal also owns recruitment, development and human resources companies which she keeps an eye on while not strategising with party officials ahead of Cope‘s election manifesto launch in the Bay on January 24.

But she insists her foray into politics was never planned.

“I haven‘t been actively involved politically up until now,” she said. “I‘ve been more involved with issues like women‘s rights and transformation and I still want to play an active part because there is still a lot to be done in these areas.”

Despite her hectic schedule, Odendaal managed to spend some quality family time over Christmas, quietly sneaking back home to visit her parents Anna and John in Uitenhage from December 24 to January 4, with her husband André and 12-year-old son. She also has three grown up children.

“I was in church with my parents on Christmas Day. I sneaked in and spent some time with my family. It‘s important. You never know when you‘ll get that time again.”

The decision to name her as the second deputy president of the party came as a shock even to Odendaal who found out about her new position just hours before Cope was officially launched in Bloemfontein on December 16. Many had expected ex-ANC Eastern Cape Amathole region chairman Mluleki George to be third in charge, but he was named national organiser instead. Since the launch there has been no let-up from the media wanting to know more about the woman who until last month was relatively unknown.

Observers believe Odendaal‘s appointment was a deliberate bid to attract voters looking for a different profile to the ANC, as well as to further Cope‘s bid to be “an inclusive” party, rather than appealing to any one race group.

With her pale face and blonde hair, she stands out among the Cope leadership previously associated with the ANC.

While she burst onto the scene in a similar fashion to US Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin, Odendaal by contrast speaks with clarity and a definite strategy.

Having begun work with the party behind the scenes after being moved by a radio interview with Cope president Mosioua “Terror” Lekota, Odendaal said it was Lekota‘s talk of change which struck a chord.

source Weekend Post

Women’s Day Inspiration conference generates R800 for Friends of the Uitenhage Town Library

Mrs Elizabeth Muller received R800 cheque from Yusuf MosesIn August 2008 I hosted the first annual Women’s Day Inspiration Conference in Uitenhage. This fundraiser collected R800 for the “Friends of the Uitenhage Town Library”, which was handed over to Mrs , the Senior Librarian, who also supported this project from the very beginning.

How did we decide to give the funds raised to the Uitenhage Town Library over any some other worthy cause? Well it was easy because this place was my only source of information during and after school. I received the benefits of studying and the same material and resources were made available like at any tertiary institution. This advantages I reaped is freely accessible for nothing more than your South African ID document and a small annual membership fee. By acting on what was available I conveyed my appreciation for learning.

For the previous five years I worked at Inergy Automotive System assembling fuel tanks. I spent eight hours a day, five days a week working for money. I treasured, appreciated, and loved every single Rand I earned in wages. Sometimes I worked overtime and if it was not my shift I would swap with someone else, just to work overtime. That is how far I would chase money. The harder I worked, the more selfish I became. This was true not only for others but myself as well. So people usually considered me a stringy person. And I would defend myself by saying I am not stingy, I am just saving for a brighter day. One thing I stayed away from was any form of gambling. And therefore I never cared about playing the lottery because I felt it was a waist of good money.

Than I started a company called YKM Events & Marketing because I wanted to earn an extra income and keep even more money for myself. People didn’t believe they had enough money to make their dreams come true. I organised weddings and 21st birthdays for people on reasonable terms. YKM was my second source of income and I minimized the costs for my clients while making a good return on investment. I worked with people from all walks of life; some were in low income brackets, while others earned high income. In August 2008 I made a bold move to leave Inergy Automotive Systems and sell my share in YKM to my previous business partner. YKM really changed my life and opened up my eyes. It allowed me to see things I never saw before and find out giving was a good thing.

On Thursday, 14 August 2008, I fully embraced my charitable side by handing over the cheque raised in the Women’s Day Inspiration Conference a week earlier. The Uitenhage Town library will use the money to continue with their good work in helping people less fortunate. These are the people like myself who have the urge to become something better although they do not always have the means to do so. Handing over the cheque I could see the faces of the chairman, Mr. T.G. De Beer, secretary, Mrs. L. Lerdon, the treasurer, L. Terblanche, assistant treasurer, G. de Beer , committee member, T. England, L. v.d. Merwe, H. de Beer, G. Timms, light up with appreciation, gratitude and new inspiration to continue their great work.

Mrs Elizabeth Muller, the Head Librarian of Uitenhage Town Library, thanked us and was overwhelmed with joy for our great efforts.